Diagnosis: Herniated disk or disk bulge
Clinical Keywords: disk herniation, disk bulge, disk protrusion, disk extrusion, annular fissure/tear, low back pain, back arthritis, degenerative disk disease, herniated disk
- Source of low back pain
- Presence may lead to spinal canal or neuroforaminal stenosis causing neurologic symptoms
In Plain Language:
The spine or backbone is made up of multiple bones stacked upon each other in a column with cushion-like intervertebral disks between them. With acute trauma or repetitive movement due to aging and/or athletics, the bones will press on the disks and cause them to push outward in multiple different ways. These are called disk bulges if the whole disk is pushed out or disk herniations such as protrusions or extrusions if only a small portion of the disk is pushed out.
(Location of spinal components)
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